ALTERNATE NAMES: Indians
LOCATION: United States; Canada
POPULATION: Over 2,500,000 (2000 U.S. Census); over 1,175,000 (2006 Canadian Census)
LANGUAGE: See individual tribes.
RELIGION: See individual tribes.
RELATED ARTICLES: Vol. 2: Choctaw; Comanches; Creeks; Dakota and Lakota; Hopi; Inuit; Iroquois; Navajos; Ojibwa; Paiutes; Seminoles and Miccosukees; and Tlingit Archaeologists generally agree that the first peoples to inhabit the North American continent crossed over from Asia to what is now Alaska on the Bering Land Bridge sometime between 12,000 and 25,000 years ago. When the glaciers melted at the end of the Ice Age, the water levels rose in the Earth's oceans...View More
Food of Native Americans
Before Europeans settled North America, Native American groups lived in five major parts of the United States: the Northeast, the South, the Great Plains, the Pacific Coast, and the deserts of the Southwest. Ancient artifacts show that native peoples fished off the coast of New England 4,000 years ago. Some Native American tribes were gatherers, eating the fruits and vegetables that were local to their regions. Other tribes practiced agriculture. They used farming methods that let them grow crops on the same soil for many years. By the time the first white settlers arrived, Native Americans knew how to grow almost 100 different kinds of crops. These were used as medicines and dyes, as well as food. View More