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National Native American Heritage: Tribes & Culture

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Tribes, History & Cultures

American Indian History

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American Indian History Online

U.S. History InContext - Native American

Mesa Verde. These pre-Columbian cliff dwellings are the best preserved and most extensive in the...Until the latter half of the twentieth century, accounts of American history usually began with the arrival of Christopher Columbus (1451–1506) in 1492. Before Columbus went ashore on a small island in the Bahamas (a group of islands south of present-day Florida in the Caribbean Sea), however, native peoples had lived in North America for thousands of years. Nevertheless, for centuries historians chose to concentrate only on the story of Europeans in the "New World" (a European term for North and South America). Native Americans thus remained in the background of the narrative, portrayed either as passive observers or...View More

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Native Americans - Credo Reference

American Indians

Find information about individual tribes in Credo Reference by selecting Find Topic Pages and either enter the name of the tribe or browse the A-Z lists.

Did You Know?

Did you know a favorite snack among natives of central California was roasted grasshopper? Learn more fascinating facts about the customs and traditions of many North American Indians.

Pequot War, King Philip's War, and Early Clashes with Native Americans

The Pequot War, fought in 1637, resulted from conflicts between European and Native American powers.In the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, Europe learned about American Indians by indirect means. The few Indians captured and carried across the Atlantic came as slaves or as exhibits in shows. The image of Indians for Europeans came almost entirely from the various accounts of Spanish conquerors, various colonizers, and travelers, whose purposes and visions diverged widely. Believing the American natives to be a subhuman people who deserved conquest, the Spanish concluded it was their duty as righteous men to persuade these heathens to submit to a Christian monarch and to convert them to the true religion. Thus Christopher Columbus,...View More

Native Americans - Gale Virtual Reference Library