Tribes & Cultures
The Religion, Scriptures, and Spirituality Series describes the beliefs, religious practices, and the spiritual and moral commitments of the world's great religious traditions. It describes a religion's way of understanding life and its attitude and relationship to society.
These six essays on the Indian's spiritual beliefs and cultural habits, told in very personal terms and coupled with seven folk tales, illuminate the high ethics and morality of a culture that few people know about.
Native American - U.S. History InContext
Until the latter half of the twentieth century, accounts of American history usually began with the arrival of Christopher Columbus (1451–1506) in 1492. Before Columbus went ashore on a small island in the Bahamas (a group of islands south of present-day Florida in the Caribbean Sea), however, native peoples had lived in North America for thousands of years. Nevertheless, for centuries historians chose to concentrate only on the story of Europeans in the "New World" (a European term for North and South America). Native Americans thus remained in the background of the narrative, portrayed either as passive observers or...View More
|Mesa Verde. These pre-Columbian cliff dwellings are the best preserved and most extensive in the...||
Pequot War, King Philip's War, and Early Clashes with Native Americans
|In the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, Europe learned about American Indians by indirect means. The few Indians captured and carried across the Atlantic came as slaves or as exhibits in shows. The image of Indians for Europeans came almost entirely from the various accounts of Spanish conquerors, various colonizers, and travelers, whose purposes and visions diverged widely. Believing the American natives to be a subhuman people who deserved conquest, the Spanish concluded it was their duty as righteous men to persuade these heathens to submit to a Christian monarch and to convert them to the true religion. Thus Christopher Columbus,...View More|
|The Pequot War, fought in 1637, resulted from conflicts between European and Native American powers...|
Native Americans - Credo Reference
The original inhabitants of the Western Hemisphere who arrived during the last Ice Age, estimated at 20,000 to 40,000 years ago. They came in several migrations over a land bridge connecting Alaska with Siberia, and spread gradually throughout the Americas. In what is now the USA, the Native Americans developed ways of life that suited the area in which they lived. Those of the north-west coast lived off the sea; those living on the buffalo-rich Great Plains were hunters and gatherers; those in the warm and abundant south-east were skilled farmers and fishermen. Columbus, mistakenly believing he had reached India, called the indigenous people he encountered ‘Indians’. Friendships with the Native Americans were indispensable to the survival of the early European settlers, who were shown how to grow native crops and where to hunt and fish, saving them from almost certain starvation. The Europeans unwittingly brought diseases to which the native people had no immunity, wiping out thousands and nearly destroying whole tribes. Read More..
|Find information about individual tribes in Credo Reference by selecting Find Topic Pages and either enter the name of the tribe or browse the A-Z lists.|