About the same time that Guglielmo Marconi was experimenting with radio transmissions in the late 1890s, other scientists were exploring the possibility of transmitting visual images. The first inventor to do so was Abbe Caselli, an Italian-born priest who succeeded in sending very elementary shadow pictures via telegraph lines in 1866. Almost twenty years later, an Englishman named Shelford Bidwell developed a device that he called an "electric distant vision apparatus." This machine used a selenium cell mounted on a box that moved up and down to scan an image. While still a student, the German scientist Paul Nipkow designed...View More
History of Television
A wireless telegraph was invented by Guglielmo Marconi in 1896. Its primary purpose was to address the needs... Continue Reading
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Cinema - Topic Page
With performances that can be simultaneously presented before millions around the world, cinema is a truly global entertainment medium. The ticketed screening of ten Lumière shorts at the Grand Café of Paris on December 28, 1895, is widely regarded as the birth of cinema, but the history of the medium is more complicated than this singular event implies. A series of discrete yet connected inventions led up to the moment: optical toys from the 17th-century magic lantern to 19th-century image-animating devices like the Thaumatrope and Zoetrope; development of still photography in the 1820s and 1830s by innovators like Nicéphore Niepce, William Henry Fox Talbot, and Louis Daguerre, and the subsequent experiments of Eadweard Muybridge and Étienne-Jules Marey aimed at capturing movement; George Eastman's evolving film stocks; Thomas Edison and William Kennedy Dickinson's search for motion picture cameras and projection systems (Kinetograph and Kinetoscope); and Auguste and Louis Lumière's combination of recording and projecting functions in the Cinématographe. This standard account presents cinema as a modern, Western technology of representation as well as its genesis as, in the main, a French-American event. Read more..
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Genre of dark, cynical crime film. Thematically indebted to the "hard-boiled" school of fiction, and stylistically to German expressionism, French poetic realism, and the constraints imposed by B film-making, film noir first appeared in Hollywood in the 1940s and 1950s. Examples are Double Indemnity (1944) by Billy Wilder and In a Lonely Place (1950) by Nicholas Ray. Read more..
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Looking for free music, information about a musician or the history of music? This guide provides great library music resources including 5 free song downloads every week with your library card.
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Learn about the origins of the theatre, drama and dance including famous actors and dancers.
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