Painting of Homer.
Roughly ten thousand years ago, after the glaciers of the last Ice Age had receded, humans first learned to sow and raise plants for food. Growing crops and domesticating animals freed early societies from dependence on hunting and gathering for sustenance. While many groups remained nomadic, some began to settle, building permanent dwellings and communities as the agricultural revolution spread around the globe. By the fourth century BC, another breakthrough appeared to help humankind master the complexity of its new forms of social organization—written language. The earliest recorded civilizations arose in the fertile valleys of the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers,...View More